The Opportunities and Challenges of Online Instruction in Transnational Education and Learning

  • Michael Fonkem University of Wisconsin Oshkosh
Keywords: Online, Instruction, distance education, international education, transcultural learning


This study reports on the opportunities and challenges of online instruction in transnational education and learning. The purpose of the study was to reconsider the opportunities the online teaching/learning mode provides learners and instructors and identify and analyze challenges faced by both learners and instructors using the online option in higher education. The article argued that the quest to make more strategic gains from online education programs comes with challenges to both learners and instructors as teaching/learning are likely to suffer in the online instruction mode. Although the online mode provides learners the opportunities for higher education they may otherwise not have and employment for instructors, the article claims that high teaching/learning standards and effectiveness seem to be compromised in online instruction considering that relationships play a key role in optimizing an individual’s intelligence (Cochran-Smith & Lytle, 1999; Marzano et al., 2005; Fonkem, 2012) and consequently the individual’s ability to perform teaching and learning tasks.


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How to Cite
Fonkem, M. (2020). The Opportunities and Challenges of Online Instruction in Transnational Education and Learning. Journal of Comparative Studies and International Education (JCSIE), 2(1), 96-109. Retrieved from